Most people will experience an episode of diarrhea in their lives, and that isn’t a fun time for anyone. For those with an ileostomy or colostomy, this is no exception. Loss of fluids and electrolytes is common for those with an ostomy, and having diarrhea with a stoma can be dangerous since this leads to dehydration.
What is Diarrhea?
Diarrhea is characterized by sudden loose or watery bowel movements and can be accompanied by abdominal pain, cramps, nausea, and even a fever. If you have a colostomy or ileostomy, episodes of diarrhea with a stoma are possible. Some people with an ileostomy have watery or loose stool most of the time. There are many possible causes for diarrhea, but there are several ways to help manage diarrhea with an ostomy, so that’s the good news!
Diarrhea can pose some complications for those with an ileostomy or colostomy such as:
- Diarrhea can clog ostomy pouch filters.
- Diarrhea can cause more leaks, odors, embarrassing noises, and gases to release.
- Diarrhea erodes the wafer, resulting in frequent wafer changes.
- Diarrhea can cause you to empty or change your ostomy pouch more often, which can be unpleasant and messy.
- Diarrhea could lead to dehydration since nutrients are not being properly absorbed.
Common Causes of Diarrhea
Diarrhea with a stoma can be caused by several different factors. It is important to take note of your diet, medications, stress levels, and overall health to determine what the culprit could be. Then, with some simple adjustments, you can hopefully gain control of producing more regular bowel movements.
Here are a few of the more common causes of diarrhea with an ileostomy or colostomy:
The consistency of your stoma’s output can be drastically changed by the foods and beverages you consume. Usually, within an hour or two after consumption of certain foods, you will be able to identify what it was that set off your symptoms. Often, the foods and beverages that are identified as the cause of your diarrhea are not actually needed for a healthy diet and can be eliminated. You might find other benefits from cutting out these unnecessary culprits. We’ll discuss diet in further detail later.
Medications and Supplements
Some medications or supplements can cause diarrhea with a stoma for various reasons. Antibiotics are used to kill bacteria in the body, and some of that can be the healthy bacteria that help with digestion. Any over-the-counter medicine that contains magnesium or calcium can also cause diarrhea since these minerals work to relax the digestive tract and neutralize stomach acids. For those that may be undergoing cancer treatment, chemotherapy disrupts how the small intestine breaks down food, which may also cause diarrhea.
When you aren’t seeing much movement from your stoma or it appears larger than normal, you might be experiencing an obstruction or blockage. When the body attempts to flush out the blockage, sometimes a watery or liquid stool is experienced. As the intestines continuously try to push contents through the blockage, symptoms usually follow such as abdominal pain, nausea, and possibly vomiting. Note: If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, contact your doctor as soon as possible.
Dietary Impact on Diarrhea with a Stoma
Most of the time, by simply modifying your diet, you can start managing your diarrhea with a stoma. Drinking enough fluids throughout the day and paying attention to the meals you eat can help. Since diarrhea is watery, you’ll want to incorporate some foods that will thicken up your output from your ileostomy or colostomy.
- Starchy foods like noodles, white rice, potatoes, and white bread
- Crackers and pretzels
- Under-ripe bananas
- Nut butters (peanut, almond, etc)
It is also important to remind yourself that fluid intake is critical. Replacing electrolytes that are lost when you have diarrhea with a stoma is essential for proper hydration. Drinking beverages such as Pedialyte or Sqwincher products can be a great way to get ahead of potential dehydration.
If you suspect food poisoning or another bacterial cause of your diarrhea, you’ll want to contact a medical professional.
Foods to Avoid When Experiencing Diarrhea with a Stoma
If you consume certain foods and beverages and then notice a dramatic change in your output’s consistency, you’ll want to take note of them and avoid or cut them out of your diet altogether.
Some of the foods and beverages that are suggested to avoid to prevent diarrhea with a stoma are:
Foods to Avoid During Episodes
- Coffee or tea
- Spicy foods
- High-fiber foods
- Artificial sweeteners
- Fruit juices
- Fried foods
Foods That May Cause Odor
- Spices such as curry, cumin, & chili
Foods That May Produce Gas
- Carbonated drinks (including beer)
- Brussel sprouts
Sometimes a bit of trial and error is needed to find out what works for you. High fiber foods can cause blockage, and the skins of some fruits and vegetables can be difficult to digest. To get the nutrition needed from these types of foods and beverages, there are alternatives that are easier to digest offered by Thick-It, Nestle, and Abbott Nutrition.
Other Suggestions for Managing Diarrhea with a Stoma
Specifically designed to absorb ostomy pouch contents, gelling agents such as Gel-Plus Deodorizer or Securi-T Lubricating Gel Deodorant are popular choices for those with an ileostomy or colostomy. These are typically a packet of granules that is dropped into a new or clean ostomy pouch. As the pouch fills with output, the packet dissolves, and the granules form a thick gel that stays at the bottom of the pouch and away from the stoma. These gelling agents can come in granules, tablets, powder, or capsules, but they all work in the same fashion.
There are several nutritional supplements on the market today that are formulated to deliver the vitamins and minerals needed without dairy and sugar. Novasource Renal Nutritional Support Formula contains optimized electrolyte content and is an excellent nutritionally complete product that is also lactose- and gluten-free. The Hormel FiberBasics line of beverages contains 3 grams of fiber to promote bowel regularity and are another great option to help manage diarrhea with a stoma. Just be careful with the amount of fiber intake as you do not want to end up with a blockage.
Consider a High Output Ostomy Pouch
High output ostomy pouches are designed to better manage liquid output and are able to hold larger capacities of stoma output. The SUR-FIT Natura Two-Piece Ostomy System by ConvaTec is a perfect example of a simple design that features a removable filter to reduce pouch ballooning while neutralizing odor and an anti-reflux valve that decreases liquid output backflow. This high output ostomy pouch easily drains high liquid output and users can change the pouch quickly without the need to remove the skin barrier.
Managing diarrhea with a stoma is possible and there are options. Although we offer suggestions, it is always a good idea to speak to your physician to determine what is the best treatment plan for you.
For any questions related to the products we have mentioned or any other home delivery medical supplies we carry, give us a call. One of our Personally Delivered Product Experts will be happy to speak to you.